Ram setu | Not only Hindus rather equally sacred to others

Many people know it as Adam Bridge, while many people are known as Rama Bridge or Ram Setu. Again, the people who know Rama's Bridge, they don’t know many people call it Adam's Bridge from long years ago. Besides, religious identity and sentiment also come here because of the name 'Ram' and ‘Adam’, But what does history say.

Adam's Bridge

Pamban is an island in Ramanathapuram district in the south-eastern region of Tamil Nadu of India. It is also known as Rameswaram Island. From here, a chain of limestone shoals has moved to the seaside of Mannar, north-west of Sri Lanka. Geological evidence suggests that it was once a land route by adding India and Sri Lanka. The length of the bridge is 30 miles or 48 kilometers and 3 kilometers wide. The depth of limestone in the shallowest places is not more than 1 meter deep. But it can be seen up to 30 feet in another place. As a result, irrigation cannot be done there
Although this bridge is now abandoned, people could walk on foot until the fifteenth century. According to temple records, a cyclone in 1480 caused the bridge to collapse. The bridge was also being submerged due to various storms. As the bridge is known both as Adam Bridge or Ram Bridge, it implies that there is a relation between the two religions in any way. How did the name of Adam Bridge come?

Adam's peak,Sri-Lanka

Adam's Peak

There is a mountain named Adam's Peak in central Sri Lanka, which is 7,359 feet high, contained a sacred footprint named 'Sri Pada', near the peak. The length of the print is 1.8 meters (5 feet 11 inches). Although there is no mention in any authentic hadith or the verse of the Quran, it is said that when the Prophet Adam (peace be upon him) came to the world with his colossal body, he left his first setting foot on Earth in Sri Lanka after having been cast out of paradise. He repented and prayed for 1,000 years standing on one leg on the mountain, it is that footprint. It has also been referred that this footprint was created due to strong falling force while he left the first step.

It has been said that he got off from this peak and crossed the bridge in India and once reached the ground in Arafat, where he was reunited with Eve - who has fallen in Jeddah from paradise. According to another doctrine, he crossed the bridge from India went to the top of this mountain to repent. However, no authentic references were found about these stories. How the bridge was already there, or how it was built, It did not mention in any story. But from this story, this bridge becomes the Adam's Bridge.

Adam's footprint

Adam footprint

Muslims and Christians believe Adam's Peak's footprint was the Prophet Adam's. But the Tamil Hindus consider it a mark of Shiva's feet. Again Buddhists believe that this footprint was the left foot of Gautam Buddha, the time when he came to Sri Lanka.

Now let's go to the traditional belief of Hindu. The bridge is found in the ancient Sanskrit epic Ramayana, written by Valmiki. According to traditional religions, its name is Rama Bridge or Rama Setu. According to the Ramayana, Rama's wife Sita was kidnapped by the 10-headed demon-king Ravan of Lanka, and Rama ordered to build this bridge to rescue Sita. With the help of the ape-men or Vanara, the stones of Rama's named are thrown into the sea and they float. It is also called Nala Setu because Rama took help to construct the bridge from the Vanara engineer named Nala. It is said that in 5 days the bridge was built to go to Lanka.

Let's see what is written by historians, cartographers or visitors. In Thanjavur Saraswathi Mahal Library, a Dutch cartographer's map is found, in which he called it Ramancoil in 1747.The word comes from Tamil Raman Kovil, which means that the Rama temple.  A map of Mughal period has found in the same library, by J. Rennel. On this map of 1788, he identified this area as 'Ram Mandir area'. In writing the travels of Schwartzberg's historical Atlas and traveler Marco Polo, this bridge was called Adam's Bridge.

The Western world first came to know about this bridge from Book of Roads and Kingdoms by Ibn Khordadbeh. The book published at approximately 850 AD. In the ninth century, the name of this bridge was written as ‘Sethusamudram’ ('Sea Bridge'). Albiruni later described the bridge. On the map of 1804 on a British cartographer, we can see the name of this bridge as 'Adam's Bridge'.

The origins of this bridge are still a controversial issue. Geologists also do not agree on this. According to some, this strip of land was once to be a natural formation. According to another, when Sri Lanka was separated from India's land area, this bridge was built just then. The quadrangular stones that are seen have been created naturally over the time.
The government of India undertook a multimillion-dollar project named Sethusamudram Shipping Canal Project in 2005, which aims to create a ship channel, but to do so; a large portion of the Adam Bridge or Ram Bridge will be damaged. Then India's political and Hindu organizations, including the BJP, opposed it for religious reasons. Then the Archaeological Survey of India and the Government of India informed the Supreme Court in 2007 that the construction of the bridge by Rama has no historical evidence.

In the court case of 2008, one member of government claimed that Rama had destroyed the bridge. But this claim was rejected. Later, the Madras High Court ruled that the Rama’s Bridge was not natural, rather made. In 2007, a publication of India's National Remote Sensing Agency said that the bridge could be man-made. However, there is no evidence from the Archaeological Survey of India. A promo is shown that the origin of the (Ancient Land Bridge) Rama’s Bridge will be unveiled at Discovery Communication’s Science Channel's What on Earth program. It is seen there, according to research by NASA satellite images and archaeologists, the Ram or Adam bridge sand is 4,000 years old but the upper stone is 7,000 years old. Archaeologist Chelsea Rose and geologist Alan Lester's statement has been shown in the video. According to them, the bridge built 5,000 years ago. The whole research can be known after broadcast the episode.

By whichever name you call it, but for hundreds of years this bridge was covered with mystery and is still there. We have no way of knowing how vivid the bridge was five or six hundred years ago.

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